To understand vein diseases lets first learn about our veins and how they work. First, there is the family in which veins work, the three main sets of vessels: arteries, lymphatics and veins. These three sets of vessels are part of our main circulatory system and each of them have an important job to do.
Arteries main jobs are to bring oxygen from heart to our tissue. During the process, our arteries and veins leak small amounts of protein and fluid. The lymphatic vessels jobs are to bring those rich proteins and fluids back into the blood circulation and provide nutrition through out our bodies. The third vessel, veins, are supposed to bring oxygen depleted blood from the organs and tissues and circulate it to the heart and lungs, where it is recycled or re-oxygenated. The re-oxygenated process helps blood return to the heart and enables muscle contraction in the arms and legs. The vein or venous system is low pressured and as a result, it is important to be physically active in life to help your veins get your blood flow to where it needs to be.
There are two forms of this vein disease, Superficial thrombophlebitis, and deep vein thrombosis. Both are forms of blood clots that occur in the legs due to prolonged immobility, inherited or genetic traits, pregnancy, contraceptives, and cancer.
involves the formation of blood clots that form right under the skin making them visible to the eye or they can form deep within the limb. Signs of superficial veins commonly has a red streak along the affected veins and is usually accompanied by inflammation on the leg (phlebitis). Common feelings in the would be an abnormally warm and tender leg along with some swelling caused by the settling of varicose veins.
Deep Vein Thrombosis
can be difficult to diagnose because of how hard the symptoms are to locate in patients. Only 50% of affected people show signs of this vein disease. For those who do show the signs, symptoms include painful walking on the ball of the foot, leg swelling, pressure, or fullness. Primary deep vein thrombosis is caused by inherited genetic clotting. Whereas secondary deep vein thrombosis is caused by lack of immobility after a life-changing event such as surgery or cancer.
This disease is caused by blood clots and inherited abnormalities within the vein wall and poor or inadequate drainage from the vein. There are two main types of insufficiency in veins. The first is one of the most common in most vein diseases, superficial venous insufficiency. The second is chronic venous insufficiency.
Superficial Venous Insufficiency
is otherwise and more popularly known as varicose veins are dilated or enlarged veins that lie just below the skin. Well, most vein diseases are caused by blood clots, sometimes blood clots may not be the culprit with it comes to varicose veins. Most causes are due to a structural abnormality of the vein wall or valve, causing increased pressure and blood to backflow. This causes pools or pockets of blood in the veins. Some causes of varicose veins include obesity, pregnancy, prolonged standing, sedentary lifestyles, as well as some hereditary traits. If varicose veins are left untreated, skin ulcers, infections, extreme blood clots, and spontaneous bleeding will occur. Common symptoms include burning, aching, or itchiness in the veins.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency
Caused when the drainage from veins within the limbs is inadequate over long periods of time. This vein disease occurs as a result of obstructed blood flow between the limbs and the heart. Because of the backward flow of blood into the veins caused by abnormally function valves. When in the valves in the vein fail, excess backflow spreads into the veins. Common signs of chronic venous insufficiency are leg swelling and pain. Other symptoms include darkened patches of skin and coarse skin texture that is caused by deposits of destroyed red blood cells that pile up over time.
Treatment of Vein Diseases
If you feel like you or a loved one may be suffering from any of these common diseases, do not worry. Most of these common diseases are easy to treat and are rarely life-threatening. Contact the Vincent Vein Center of Grand Junction, Colorado to find out more about vein diseases and to schedule an appointment with one of our physicians to improve the quality of your life.